A chronic disease associated with elevated blood sugar (glucose) levels. It occurs because of the body’s inability to properly use or produce insulin, the hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar levels.
What it’s for
Diabetes occurs because insulin does not workeffectively, leading to a buildup of sugar in the blood. High sugar levels can cause damage to various organs and systems, including the heart, kidneys, eyes, and nerves.
Indications and contraindications
Symptoms such as frequent urination, excessive thirst, severe fatigue, and weight loss for no apparent reason are indications for a diagnosis of diabetes. There are no contraindications to the diagnosis of diabetes, because early detection and treatment of the disease is important to prevent complications.
How to treat
Treatment of diabetes includes adherence to a low-carbohydrate diet, physical activity, drug therapy and, in some cases, insulin therapy. It is important to monitor blood glucose levels and monitor your performance.
Effect of use
Following diabetes treatment guidelines can help lower blood sugar levels and prevent complications, such as damage to the heart, kidneys, nervous system, and eyes. Well-controlled diabetes allows patients to lead active and healthy lives.
Diabetes medications cause side effects such as hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), nausea, diarrhea, or allergic reactions. It is important to discuss possible side effects with your doctor and follow his or her recommendations.
What types there are
There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 (or insulin-dependent diabetes) and type 2 (or insulin-independent diabetes). The first type usually develops in childhood or young adulthood and requires insulin therapy. The second type most often develops in adults and can be controlled by diet, physical activity, and, if necessary, medication.
What else to know
In addition to treatment, it is important to pay attention to your diabetes lifestyle. Regular physical activity, a healthy diet, and stress management can help reduce risks and improve control of diabetes. Regular visits to your doctor and following his or her recommendations are also key aspects of diabetes management.